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This terminology was replaced by the names Arzawa and Kizzuwatna with the rise of those kingdoms.Nevertheless, the Hittites continued to refer to the language that originated in these areas as Luwian.Some names in the tablets were neither Hattic nor Assyrian, but clearly Indo-European.The script on a monument at Boğazköy by a "People of Hattusas" discovered by William Wright in 1884 was found to match peculiar hieroglyphic scripts from Aleppo and Hamath in Northern Syria.At its peak, during the reign of Mursili II, the Hittite empire stretched from Arzawa in the west to Mitanni in the east, many of the Kaskian territories to the north including Hayasa-Azzi in the far north-east, and on south into Canaan approximately as far as the southern border of Lebanon, incorporating all of these territories within its domain. The magenta area corresponds to the assumed Urheimat (Samara culture, Sredny Stog culture).The red area corresponds to the area that may have been settled by Indo-European-speaking peoples up to c. It is generally assumed that the Hittites came into Anatolia some time before 2000 BC.
it assumed the name of Kizzuwatna and successfully expanded northward to encompass the lower Anti-Taurus mountains as well.
Before the discoveries, the only source of information about Hittites had been the Old Testament.
Francis William Newman expressed the critical view, common in the early 19th century, that, "no Hittite king could have compared in power to the King of Judah...".
He also proved that the ruins at Boğazköy were the remains of the capital of an empire that, at one point, controlled northern Syria.
Under the direction of the German Archaeological Institute, excavations at Hattusa have been under way since 1907, with interruptions during the world wars.